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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 25(单词带例句)
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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antagonism

n. active opposition 敌对

All of the factory workers felt deep antagonism towards the foreman.

工厂里所有的工人对于领班都怀有很深的敌意。

* foreman

(工厂等的)领班;工头

Synonym

同义词:rivalry; hostility

Antonym

反义词:amity; alliance

antediluvian

adj. ancient 洪水时代以前的;原始的

It seemed progress would never reach the little town by politicians with antediluvian ideas of freedom.

由自由观念过时的政治人物所统治的小城,似乎永远不会有进步。

Synonym

同义词:prehistoric; primeval; primordial

antenuptial

adj. before the wedding 婚前的

An antenuptial dinner was held to introduce the two families formally to one another.

结婚前会举行一次晚宴,正式介绍双方家人认识。

antiseptic

adj. preventing the growth of germs or destroying germs 防腐的;杀菌的

Alcohol has antiseptic qualities and is therefore used to sterilize an injection site.

酒精具有杀菌的特性,因此被用来消毒要打针的部位。

* sterilize

消毒

Synonym

同义词:aseptic

antithesis

n. opposite; contrast 相反;对照

Seth's conservative views on social spending are the antithesis of his liberal parents9 views.

塞斯对社会开支问题的看法相当保守,和他父母的开明见解相反。

Synonym

同义词:contrary; reverse

archbishop

n. chief bishop 大主教

The Archbishop of Canterbury visited several isolated churches in the countryside to talk with the parishioners.

坎特伯雷大主教参观乡村几座孤立的教堂,并和教区的居民谈话。

* parishioner

教区的居民

archetype

n. original model 原型

 

adj. archetypal

The Code of Hammurabi is considered the earliest archetype of modem law.

汉摩拉比法典被认为是现代法律最早的原型。

autocracy

n. rule by one person 专制政治;独裁政治

Nazi Germany was an autocracy where absolute powerlias vested in one person, Adolf Hitler.

纳粹德国是个独裁统治的国家,权力全集中于希特勒一人。

Synonym

同义词:tyranny; dictatorship; despotism

autonomous

adj. self-governing 自治的

The former Soviet Union has broken up into several autonomous republics.

前苏联分裂成数个自治的共和国。

Synonym

同义词:independent; sovereign

benediction

n. speaking of good wishes 祝福

The priest began the meeting to plan the building of the new church with a benediction.

牧师以祝福来作为建造新教堂筹备会议的开始。

Synonym

同义词:blessing; benison

benefactor

n. one who does good 行善者;捐助人

Through the generosity of his benefactor, Victor was able to attend college.

经由捐助人的慷慨捐助,维克多才能上大学。

Synonym

同义词:philanthropist

benevolence

n. charity 仁慈;慈善

The mayor's benevolence gained the respect and trust of all the townspeople.

镇长的仁慈贏得全体镇民的尊敬与信任。

Synonym

同义词:malevolence

bicameral

adj. legislature consisting of two houses 两院制的

The United States bicameral legislature consists of the upper Senate and the lower House of Representatives.

美国两院制的议会,包括上议院——参议院和下议院——众议院。

* legislature

议会;立法院

* Senate

参议院

* the House of Representatives

众议院

bifurcate

adj. forked; dividing into two branches 分叉的

This road is bifurcated ahead, so you will have to follow me very closely so you do not take the wrong road.

这条路在前面有分叉,所以你要紧跟着我,以免走错路。

binocular

adj. of the use of both eyes 双眼并用的

This machine checks your vision in each eye individually, and then does a check of your binocular vision.

这台机器先分别检查你每只眼睛的视力,然后再检查你两眼并用时的视力。

catalyst

n. person or thing that helps speed up or cause a change 催化剂

Looking back, we can see that sending troops to monitor the border was a catalyst to the war that finally broke out.

回顾从前我们可以了解,派遣军队去看守边境,是导致战争终于爆发的催化剂。

* monitor

监督

Synonym

同义词:stimulus; incentive

catapult

v. to hurl 投掷;弹射

The force of the plane's impact catapulted passengers from their seats and caused great injury.

飞机撞击的冲力,将乘客从座位上弹起来,造成严重伤害。

* impact

撞击

Synonym

同义词:pitch;hurtle

catastrophe

n. disaster 大灾祸

The world had seldom seen a catastrophe on the scale of this flood before.

这个世界从前很少经历像这次水灾这么大规模的灾祸。

Synonym

同义词:calamity; adversity; misadventure

collateral

adj. parallel; connected 并行的;连结的

Collateral businesses in the area have created an organization to promote themselves jointly.

这个地区相关的行业已组成一个机构,来促进共同的发展。

commiserate

v. to feel pity for 同情;安慰

Martha's friends all came over to her house to commiserate over being laid off at the company.

玛莎的朋友都来她家,对她被公司解雇表达安慰之意。

* lay off

暂时解雇

Synonym

同义词:sympathize; condole

congenital

adj. existing from or before birth 天生的

Alice's son was born with a serious congenital heart defect and will have to undergo surgery.

爱莉丝的儿子岀生就患有严重的先天性心脏缺陷,必须接受手术。

Synonym

同义词:inborn; inherent; innate; inbred

contradict

v. to disagree 光速赛车. 反驳 2. 抵触

Our study contradicts the findings of the tobacco company's research that smoking only has minimal risks.

草公司研究结果,说吸烟只会造成一点点危险,与我们的研究互相抵触。

Synonym

同义词:光速赛车. dispute; refute 2. contravene

Antonym

反义词:光速赛车. agree; corroborate; confirm

contravene

v. 光速赛车. to act in opposition to 违反 2. to conflict with 抵触

As an act of defiance, the protestants contravened laws they felt were unjust or improper.

抗议者公开反对他们认为不公平或不适当的法律,以行动表示反抗。

* defiance

(公然的)反抗

Synonym

同义词:光速赛车. violate; defy 2. contradict

controvert

v. 光速赛车. to dispute about 争论 2. to deny 否定

Several biologists controverted the accuracy of the results of Dr. Wang's experiments.

有几位生物学家对王博士实验结果的准确性有争议。

Synonym

同义词:光速赛车. argue; debate 2. negate

corrosive

adj. wearing away; destroying slowly by chemical action 腐蚀(性)的

 

v. corrode

The salt mist in the air has an extremely corrosive effect on anything metal along the beach.

空气中的盐份对于海滩上的金属物质,有高度的腐蚀作用。

Synonym

同义词:erosive; caustic

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