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听故事学4000英语词汇69: 好男孩道尔顿与恶霸同学
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4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇3 保罗·纳森

Unit 9 Word List

第9单元 单词表

ail v.

使苦恼

To ail a person or group is to cause difficulty or pain.

表示给某人或某组织造成困难或伤痛。

→ My brother went to the doctor to see what was ailing him.

我哥哥去看了医生,想查出病因。

ally n.

同盟

An ally is someone who agrees to help or support you.

同意帮助或支持你的人。

→ I was happy to find many allies who shared the same opinion as me.

我很高兴找到了许多和我有相同观点的盟友。

boast v.

吹嘘

To boast is to talk about how good you are.

表示自夸。

→ We all became tired of listening to him boast about himself all day.

我们都听腻了他整天吹嘘自己。

bounce v.

弹起

To bounce is to move something up and away from a surface after hitting it.

表示某物受到击打后离开地面向上移动。

→ Owen bounced the ball on the ground.

欧文把球弹到地上。

bully n.

恶霸

A bully is a person who is mean to others.

表示对别人刻薄的人。

→ The two bullies always picked on the smaller, weaker kids.

这两个恶霸总是欺负弱小的孩子。

carbohydrate n.

碳水化合物

Carbohydrates are substances in foods like bread that give you energy.

诸如面包之类的食物中含的物质,能提供能量。

→ Carbohydrates like rice are a good source of energy for active people.

像大米这样的碳水化合物对活跃的人来说是很好的能量来源。

crawl v.

爬行

To crawl is to move slowly on your hands and knees.

手脚并用地缓慢移动。

→ The baby crawled across the floor.

婴儿在地板上爬来爬去。

defeat v.

打败

To defeat someone is to beat them in a game or battle.

表示在游戏或战斗中战胜。

→ The champion defeated the challenger in the boxing match.

冠军在拳击比赛中击败了挑战者。

dial n.

转盘

A dial is the front of a clock.

钟表的正面。

→ I looked at the dial to see what time it was.

我看了一眼时钟的时间。

dominant adj.

显性的

When someone or something is dominant, they are stronger than others.

表示强于他人的。

→ The gorilla is one of the dominant animals in the jungle.

大猩猩是丛林中占统治地位的动物之一。

mercy n.

仁慈

If you show mercy, you choose not to punish or harm someone.

表示不惩罚或伤害他人。

→ He asked his boss for mercy and to not fire him.

他请求老板发发慈悲,不要解雇自己。

nod v.

点头

To nod is to move your head up and down.

上下移动头部。

→ I nodded my head as I listened to the song.

我边听歌边点头。

opponent n.

对手

An opponent is someone who fights against you.

和自己对抗的人。

→ On the field, our opponents were too good for us.

在场上,我们的对手对我们太好了。

quarrel v.

吵架

To quarrel is to argue or fight.

表示争吵或打架。

→ Billy quarreled with his wife about buying a new house.

比利为了买新房子和妻子吵了一架。

rival n.

竞争对手

A rival is someone that is trying to keep you from getting what you want.

表示阻止你达到目标的人。

→ The three rivals were all competing for the same job.

同一份工作有三名竞争者。

sore ad;.

疼痛的

When a part of your body is sore, it hurts.

表示疼的。

→ After lifting the heavy box, Mona's back was sore.

提起那个沉重的箱子后,莫纳感到背部一阵疼痛。

sting v.

刺痛

To sting is to cause pain by pushing a sharp part into the skin.

表示尖锐物品刺入皮肤造成的痛感。

→ The needle stung my arm and made me say, "Ouch!"

针扎痛了我的胳膊,我脱口而出:“哎哟!”

strain v.

拉紧

To strain is to try very hard.

表示很努力地尝试。

→ Casey strained to lift the heavy box.

凯西吃力地抬起那个沉重的箱子。

torture n.

折磨

Torture is something that causes you physical or mental pain.

对身体或心理施加的伤害。

→ Greg thought that writing the essay was torture.

格雷格认为写这篇文章是一种折磨。

wrestle v.

摔跤

To wrestle is to play a game where you try to push someone to the floor.

尝试将人摔倒在地的一种游戏。

→ My dad loved to wrestle when he was in high school.

我爸爸在高中时喜欢摔跤运动。

Dalton vs. the Bully

道尔顿与恶霸

Dalton was a nice boy, but sometimes the other boys made fun of him because he was so tall and skinny. Dalton's biggest problem was Mitch. He was a bully who boasted about his strength. He quarreled with the other boys. Sometimes, if boys gave Mitch their lunch money, he would have mercy and leave them alone.

道尔顿是个好男孩,但有时其他男孩会因他高瘦的身材而取笑他,其中欺负他最多的是米奇。米奇是个恃强凌弱的人,整天鼓吹自己的力量。他会和别的男孩吵架。有时他收到别的男孩给的午饭钱就会对他们稍微好一点。

One day, the boys learned about a special Middle School Olympics. Their gym class was going to be in it. Many kids were excited. But Dalton thought it sounded like torture.

有一天,男孩们听说有一场特殊的中学生运动会,而他们的体育班也要参与其中。很多孩子对此都激动不已,而道尔顿却觉得这是一种折磨。

That morning, Dalton ate plenty of carbohydrates for breakfast. He entered the gym and looked at the dial on the clock. It was time to begin. The teacher asked if they were ready. Everyone nodded, except Dalton.

那天早上,道尔顿早餐吃了很多碳水化合物的食品。他走进体育馆,看了一眼钟表的时间。刚好到了开始的时间。老师问大家是否做好了准备,除了道尔顿之外,其他学生都纷纷点头。

I got stung by a bee. I need to see the nurse. said Dalton. He made it up so he wouldn't have to play.

“我被蜜蜂蛰了,要去看医生。”道尔顿说。这是他为了逃过这一次编的谎话。

I don't believe you. Get ready to play, responded the coach.

“我不信。快准备好比赛吧,”教练回答说。

First, they wrestled. Then they jumped, crawled and played other games. But Mitch was dominant in every event.

他们先进行的是摔跤项目,随后是跳高,匍匐和其他项目。但每个项目都是米奇领先。

They strained all morning to defeat him. By lunch, they were sore. Their entire bodies ailed them. They thought about how to win. They knew the last game of the day was volleyball. Kids who used to be Dalton's rivals became his allies. They wanted him to help them beat Mitch. Dalton was going to be Mitch's opponent.

大家一早上都憋足了劲要打败他。到了午餐时间,大家都痛苦不堪,全身疼痛。他们想着怎样才能取胜。当天最后一个项目是排球赛。那些平时取消道尔顿的孩子都和他组成了一队。他们希望一起打败米奇。道尔顿就要成为米奇的对手了。

The game started. Every time Mitch tried to hit the ball over the net, Dalton stopped it. Finally, Mitch used all of his strength. But the ball bounced off Dalton's hands and back into Mitch's face! Finally Mitch was defeated.

比赛开始,米奇每次想击球过网都被道尔顿拦下了。最后,米奇用尽全身力气扣球,但却被道尔顿弹回去的球砸在了脸上!最终,米奇落败。

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